Understanding the Difference between DOM and Cold Drawn Seamless Tubing


In the world of tubing and piping, two commonly encountered types are Drawn Over Mandrel (DOM) tubing and cold drawn seamless tubing. These types of tubing serve various industries, offering unique benefits and features. Understanding the differences between them is essential for selecting the right tubing for specific applications.

Drawn Over Mandrel (DOM) Tubing

Characteristics and Production Process

DOM tubing is created by first forming a steel sheet into a cylindrical shape. The edges of the sheet are then welded together. After welding, the tubing undergoes a process called "drawing over a mandrel," which involves pulling the tube over a stationary mandrel to smooth the internal surface and refine the dimensions. This process enhances the strength, concentricity, and dimensional accuracy of the tube.


  1. Strength and Quality: DOM tubing offers superior strength and excellent dimensional accuracy due to the cold working and drawing process.
  2. Surface Finish: It has a smooth internal and external surface finish, ideal for applications requiring a high-quality finish.
  3. Customization: DOM tubing is available in a wide range of sizes and thicknesses, making it suitable for various applications.

Cold Drawn Seamless Tubing

Characteristics and Production Process

Cold drawn seamless tubing, as the name implies, is made using a seamless process that eliminates any weld seams. This type of tubing begins as a solid steel billet. The billet is heated and then pulled or pushed over a piercing rod, creating a hollow tube or "shell." The tube then undergoes further reduction processes, including cold drawing, to refine its dimensions and improve its mechanical properties.


  1. Uniformity and Strength: Seamless construction ensures uniformity in structure without any weak points.
  2. High Precision and Quality: Offers high precision in dimensions and can maintain tight tolerances.
  3. Versatility: Useful in high-pressure applications and in environments where corrosion resistance and durability are crucial.

Comparison in Specific Metrics

Cost and Efficiency

  • DOM Tubing: Generally more cost-effective than cold drawn seamless tubing due to its simpler production process.
  • Cold Drawn Seamless Tubing: May incur higher costs due to the intensive manufacturing process, but offers better performance in high-stress applications.

Sizes and Specifications

  • DOM Tubing: Available in various sizes, but the range may be limited compared to seamless tubing.
  • Cold Drawn Seamless Tubing: Offers a broader range of sizes and thicknesses, suitable for more specialized applications.

Application Suitability

  • DOM Tubing: Ideal for mechanical applications, automotive parts, and structural applications where surface finish and concentricity are important.
  • Cold Drawn Seamless Tubing: Preferred in high-pressure, high-precision applications such as hydraulic systems, aerospace components, and medical equipment.


Both DOM and Seamless Cold Drawn Tube have their unique advantages and are suited for different applications. The choice between them depends on the specific requirements of the application, considering factors like strength, precision, cost, and the environment in which the tubing will be used.

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